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A

Access Point (Medical Dispensary)- Authorized locations that sell medical cannabis, provide information and advice on medical cannabis. Regulations vary based on location so it’s best to contact the medical cannabis control board of your area for locations and services available.

Adult Use - The term used to describe recreational cannabis regulations for 21+ consumers. 

Agitation - The process used to harvest trichomes from cannabis flowers by breaking them off through physical contact. 

Alcohol extraction - The process of stripping terpenes and trichomes from the cannabis plant by using ethyl or isopropyl alcohol leaving behind a sticky, golden oil. This oil can be used to create shatter or budder.

Aroma - The smell or taste of a certain cannabis plant. 

Autoflowering - Varieties of cannabis that will automatically switch from a vegetative state to the flowering stage with age as opposed to amount of light exposure that is required for other varieties. Result of selectively breeding genetics from Cannabis ruderalis into a strain. 

B

Backcross (BX) - A type of breeding that involves using one of the original parents for the strain which allows for transfer of desired parent traits to the offspring. Often done to preserve rare genetics or to strengthen desired recessive traits.

BHO Extraction - A popular method of extraction due to its low cost and effectiveness that involves dissolving cannabis in a solvent (typically butane) which results in a viscous, amber concentrate. 

Boiling Point - The temperature at which a substance turns to gas, all cannabinoids and terpenes have variation in the temperature for this to be achieved.

Borosilicate Glass - The preferred type of glass for water pipes and dab rigs due to its resistance to thermal shock. Made using silica and boron trioxide which results in higher durability.

Bract - The green tear-shaped “leaves”, often heavily covered in resin glands that encapsulate the female reproductive parts otherwise known as calyx.

Bud - The harvested portion of the female cannabis plant that contains the highest concentrations of active cannabinoids commonly used for both medical and recreational purposes.

Budder - Refers to cannabis extracts that take on a creamy, butter-like consistency. 

Budtender - A person within the cannabis industry that serves and assists patients and consumers with their cannabis product selections.

Butane - A common and popular solvent used for concentrate extraction due to its low cost and effectiveness. 

C

Calyx - A translucent layer over the ovule at the flower’s base that is enclosed by bracts and non-visible to the naked eye.

Cannabidiol (CBD) - A non-intoxicating component potentially beneficial to a variety of conditions including anxiety, pain, and inflammation. Famously known for treating rare forms of childhood epilepsy.

Cannabinoids - The chemical compounds unique to cannabis that offer a variety of benefits.

Cannabis - The plant genus that produces three species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

Cannabis Cooperative (Co-op) - Refers to a group of medical cannabis patients and/or caregivers that gather to obtain legal access to cannabis in a single location. Regulations around these vary based on location so it’s advised to reach out to the medical cannabis control board for your area for the exact locations and services available.

Caregiver - A term used to describe a person that is authorized to provide assistance to a medical cannabis patient under regulations for that location. All regulations will vary based on location so it’s advised to contact the medical cannabis control board of your area for additional information on requirements or limitations and any additional services available.

Clone - A clipping from a cannabis plant that can then be rooted and grown, effectively creating a genetic copy of the mother. Popular within the US where seeds are difficult to acquire.

Closed-loop extraction - A process of extraction using butane or propane which recycles solvent within a closed vessel as opposed to releasing gas into the air. Typically practiced within laboratories by trained techs and chemists with industrial grade equipment. 

CO2 extraction - A process of extraction that involves pressurizing liquid or gaseous CO2 to its ‘supercritical’ state to be used as a solvent. This process strips waxes, oils and cannabinoids resulting in a concentrate that tends to be soft and/or runny and often amber in color.

Cola - A botanical term used to describe a cluster of cannabis buds that grow tightly together in various sizes.

Combustion - The process of burning a material to consume it which occurs when smoking product. 

Concentrate Slurry - Refers to pre-purged cannabis concentrate with a high concentration of residual solvent in a variety of consistencies. Can be further refined through extraction to produce highly potent concentrate forms widely used in vaping and dabbing such as rosin, shatter and wax. 

Concentrates - Broadly refers to any cannabis product that concentrates cannabis compounds from raw plant material.

Convection - The process of heating and melting a material in combination with airflow which allows for a circulated current and vaporization of the concentrate. Commonly advised method of consumption for those with debilitating medical conditions.

Critical Phase - The fourth phase of matter achieved through the combination of extreme pressure and/or temperature. 

Critical Point - A point at which both the liquid and gaseous phases have become indistinguishable. Supercritical substances have different solubility depending on their various phases which allows for extraction potential.

Cross - The result of crossbreeding, which occurs when two different cannabis plant strains are bred together. The new crossbreed has potential to have traits from either or both parent strains.

Curing - An integral process during harvest of a plant that improves the longevity, taste and potency of cannabis, poorly cured cannabis may result in unpleasant smells and/or a harsher taste than properly cured cannabis.

D

Dabber tool - A tool used for exposing cannabis concentrate to a hot surface on a dab rig that is available in a large variety of shapes, sizes and styles which all offer their own pros and cons. 

Dabbing - Refers to the method of consumption used when inhaling highly concentrated cannabis that has been extracted using a solvent like butane or CO2. 

Decarboxylation - The process of heating cannabis at a low temperature to force inactive compounds like THCA and CBDA to convert to active cannabinoids THC and CBD, respectively. Commonly done to increase the potency of products consumed orally like tinctures and edible products. 

Dewaxing - A process conducted when creating shatter that involving removing waxes and lipid fats from concentrates resulting in a more stable overall product. 

Diesel - A term commonly used to describe cannabis that possesses an odor similar to diesel fuel.

Dispensary - A general term used to refer to any location where a patient or consumer can legitimately and safely access cannabis, whether the business is technically an access point, pick-up location. co-op, collective or any other version of a legal cannabis distributor.

Dry Sift Hash - Refers to a form of hash very similar to kief, with a more refined process for manufacturing 

E

Edibles - Broadly refers to any sweet or savory foods infused with cannabis flower or concentrates. 

Eighth - The typical term used to describe a measurement of 3.5 grams of cannabis flower.

Endo/Indo - A commonly used slang term used to describe quality cannabis and/or cannabis that has been cultivated indoors, typically using hydroponics.

Endocannabinoid - The naturally occurring lipid-based neurotransmitters produced by the human body as well as a number of other vertebrate animals that bind to cannabinoid receptors in order to regulate biological processes.

Entourage Effect - Term used to describe the synergistic effect that occurs when using a product with the full spectrum of compounds found within cannabis.

Ethanol - A commonly used solvent, otherwise known as ethyl alcohol used for extraction to produce a variety of products ranging from topical to edibles. 

Extraction Artist - In the cannabis industry this refers to a licensed individual who is trained in a variety of extraction techniques such as butane, CO2, alcohol, etc. 

F

Feminized - Seeds specifically bred to be female in order to avoid the need to check the sex of a plant and prevent unwanted fertilization. 

Flower - Refers to the hairy, sticky, crystal-covered areas that are harvested and dried to be used as medication. When they are allowed to be fertilized by male plants, these flowers will produce cannabis seeds. 

Flowering Time - Refers to the time it takes for a plant to produce flowers. Flowering times vary for each strain and grower but can be manipulated within artificial growth ecosystems to ensure flowering at a specific time.

Fresh Frozen - Refers to the process of freezing cannabis immediately after harvesting (sometimes cryogenically, but often times in a regular deep freezer) in order to preserve the terpenes and cannabinoids found within the living plant. Can also refer to the specific process used to freeze and then immediately extract the material within 24-36 hours which produces live resin. 

Full Melt (Bubble Hash/Ice Wax) - A form of concentrate created with ice water and screen bags that bubbles as its heated. 

G

Germination - The first stage of life for all cannabis plant which is the result of a seed being forced out of its dormant state into a normal life cycle and triggering a seed to crack and produce a seedling.

Grinder - Small circular tool with two halves that has sharp teeth and holes at the top and an empty compartment below for cannabis flower to be sifted into. Commonly used by people who prefer not having the sticky trichome residue on their fingers. 

H

Half - The typical term used to describe a measurement of 14 grams of cannabis flower.

Hand washed - The process of mixing both cannabis and ice with a paddle or ladle to make bubble hash.

Hand whipping - A technique used during purging that involves whisking by hand with a metal tool in circular motion that generally results in lower residual solvent levels.

Hash/Hashish - Refers to product made from kief that has typically been formed into a block or ball of resin. 

Haze - An extremely popular sativa strain from the 60’s with various tropical genetics. The strain is typically characterized by its energizing and stimulating effects as well as it’s citrus aroma. Among some of the tallest plants in terms of growth they can take longer to harvest than other varieties.

Heirloom - A cannabis strain that has been taken from its native homeland that retains its original genetics because it has not been crossbred with any other.

Hemp - A fibrous product produced by the male Cannabis sativa plant that can be used to manufacture beauty products, construction materials and a vast array of other products. 

High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract (HCFSE) - A hash oil product that is extracted to achieve the full taste, aroma and strength of the cannabis plant. Generally has potent flavor and aroma. 

High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract (HTFSE) - A product that is created through hydrocarbon extraction and focuses primarily on preserving the terpenes of the cannabis plant.

Hybrid - One of the three classifications of cannabis that refers to a genetic cross between one or more separate strains of cannabis. Can occur spontaneously but more often they are specifically bred to combine desired traits from the parents.

Hydrocarbon extraction - The popular extraction method that is used to strip cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant material. The process often involves the use of solvents such as propane or butane, but can also use alternatives like pentane or hexane.

Hydroponics - A system of growing that does not use soil and instead relies on water and nutrients. Popular method due to the added advantages of control of grow process typically resulting in a higher quality final product.

I

Indica - One of the three classifications of cannabis that has shifted from its original botanical definition to describe stout, broad-leaf plants commonly associated with sedative effects.

Isopropyl Alcohol - A commonly used solvent for extracting cannabis as well as the go-to choice for many for cleaning water pipes and rigs due to its quick evaporation rate.

J

Jelly hash - Refers to a more potent form of hash that is created using a mixture of kief and hash oil. 

K

Kief - Kief is a collected amount of trichomes that have been separated from the rest of the cannabis flower. Since trichomes are the sticky crystals that contain the vast majority of the plant’s cannabinoids, kief is known to be extremely potent. 

Kind - The slang term used to describe cannabis that is very potent and typically contains a high THC percentage.

Kush - An extremely popular landrace variety of cannabis that originates from the Hindu Kush mountains where it grows wild. The strain is typically characterized by its relaxing and sedating effects as well as its earthy aroma. In terms of cultivation these varieties are known to to be hearty in nature and produce ample yields.

L

Landrace - A landrace strain is a strain of cannabis that has been cultivated within its natural environment and that has never been crossbred with any other strain. They typically take their names from the regions that they grow in.

Licensed facility - Refers to a dispensary, collective, etc where the business is fully licensed and compliant with the regulations in place for its location

Lipids - A class of small hydrophobic molecules including lipids and fats that occur naturally in the cannabis plant.

Live resin - A type of cannabis concentrate that is manufactured using a technique that takes freshly harvested cannabis and freezes it to subcritical temperatures prior to and throughout the extraction process. 

Live rosin - A type of cannabis concentrate that is manufactured without the use of solvents. Often made by pressing bubble hash that was made from freshly frozen flower. 

M

Marijuana - The broad term used to describe female cannabis plants and/or their flowers which contain high percentages of cannabinoids used for both medical and recreational purposes.

Marijuana Infused Products (MIP) - Refers to non-smokable products that have been infused with the beneficial aspects of cannabis such as edibles, tinctures and topicals. 

Medical - The term used to describe cannabis regulations specific to patients with qualifying conditions that have applied to their local medical program in addition to the type of dispensary that only services patients with this state/country required medical recommendation.

Micron bag - A sewn bag typically made of nylon mesh, used to filter the cannabis plant material from the resin glands. These bags come in a variety of micron grades ranging from 25u to 180u which impacts the size of particle that they can filter and the quality/grade of hash. 

Micron grade - Refers to the scale of micron bag that is used to separate and collect trichomes as concentrate is produced. 25u-90u is a tighter-weaved mesh and is generally used for high-grade products like bubble hash and ice wax whereas 90u-180u, a looser mesh weave, is often used when pressing flower rosin.

Micron screen - A fine mesh screen commonly used for separating the resin glands (trichomes) from plant matter during dry-sifting and hash making.

N

Nug-run - Used to describe high quality concentrates that have been made using only cannabis flower or colas instead of trim material. 

O

OG - A term used to describe many strains, although it originated in Southern California’s Ocean Grown Kush, more commonly known as OG Kush. Most OG strains currently available share genetics to or are also ocean grown on the West Coast.

Oil - A broad term that refers to many different cannabis concentrates. It implies a runny, oil-like consistency, but cannabis oil has become a ubiquitous term that describes extracts of many forms and consistencies. 

Open Blasting - A highly volatile, risky solvent based process typically done within a glass or metal tube that does not use closed-loop extraction.

Ounce - The typical term used to describe a measurement of 28 grams (technically 28.35 grams) of cannabis flower.

P

Parts-per-million (PPM) - The standard measurement used for residual solvents and other potential contaminants like pesticides, mold, etc. Can also refer to the concentration of minerals in the water you feed your plants when used in terms of cultivation.

Phenotype - A term in growing that is used to identify a plant’s general physical characteristics such as color, height, and branch configuration as well as the strain effectiveness and taste.

Phytocannabinoid - The naturally occurring cannabinoids within the cannabis plant  

Pistil - Part of a female plant anatomy. For cannabis specifically it’s identified as the tiny hair-like extensions found on flower which range from white to dark orange-brown in color. When left unfertilized these will change and be indicative of ripeness.

Pre-run - A term used in reference to cannabis flower before it’s been processed into oil.

Pull ’n Snap - A term commonly used to describe the pliable and stretchy consistency of shatter. 

Purging - The critical process of removing residual solvent from a concentrate resulting in an end product that is safe and pure. Required when producing anything of pharmaceutical quality.

Q

QWISO (Isopropyl Hash Oil) - A type of cannabis concentrate that is made by extracting trichomes from cannabis flowers using isopropyl alcohol. 

R

Recreational - The term used to describe recreational cannabis regulations for 21+ consumers.

Seed-to-Sale Concentrate - Refers to concentrates from a single source company that grows its own flower from seed for processing. 

Resin - Whereas the resin glands refers to the trichomes themselves the term resin can also refer to the black, sticky tar-like residue that collects on the inside of a bowl after smoking flower repeatedly from the piece. This substance should be scraped to prevent clogs, but is less desirable to consume due to its low overall potency and impurities.

Rotary Evaporator (Rotovap) - A machine commonly used within chemical laboratories that gently separates and recovers solvents from compounds through through the introduction of heat slowly combined with pressure and rotational motion.

Ruderalis - A low-THC genus of cannabis that is primarily used for it’s CBD rich genetics. Known for its hardy nature and ability to survive harsh climates this “autoflowering” variety originates from Russia.

S

Sativa - One of the three classifications of cannabis that has shifted from its original botanical definition to describe stout, broad-leaf plants commonly associated with sedative effects.

Seasoning - When used in terms of the cannabis industry it refers to the process of conditioning a nail or quartz banger to improve the flavor of dabbable concentrate.

Sensimilla - Refers to a female cannabis plant that contains no seeds as a result of only being allowed to produce flowers and then being left unfertilized. Highly desired for their higher THC content, but rare because cannabis is unable to reproduce without fertilization.

Shatter/Ice - Refers to extracts that take on a transparent glass-like consistency. 

Skunk - A term that can refer to both the well-known cannabis strain with a distinctive pungent aroma which originated in the 70’s, or as a generalized slang term for cannabis overall.

Slab - A slang term used to describe a large quantity of hash oil.

Solvent - A chemical substance that dissolves material to form a solution, when used in the cannabis industry for extraction, it refers to a liquid used to separate cannabinoids from the plant matter. 

Solvent Recovery - A term used to describe the process of recovering and recycling solvents used during the extraction process to save on overall production costs.

Solvent-Free - Used to describe hydrocarbon extraction that has been cleansed entirely of all residual solvents, considered to be safer and superior to products that contain residual solvent. 

Stigma - The vibrant hairlike strands found on the pistil of a female plant. Start off white in color and the progressively darken over the plant life cycle to show plant’s maturity and peak harvest time.

Strain - A way to classify a specific variety of plant genetics. Often developed to produce desired traits from one or both parent strains and typically named by the grower/breeder to reflect the plant’s appearance, promised effects or place of origin.. However, strain naming doesn’t have an exact science within the cannabis industry which can result in mistakes and purposefully misidentified strains. 

Supercritical extraction - A common extraction method often used for the creation of pharmaceutical grade cannabis products that does not leave behind residual solvent during production, unlike the use of butane or other chemical solvents.

T

Terpene - The chemical compounds found within cannabis that produce a distinct aroma and taste. Each individual compound has unique effects associated with them which opens up new scientific and medical terrain for cannabis research.

Terpene Distillation - The process of extracting terpenes directly from the cannabis plant using mechanical distillation which allows for the plant’s aroma and flavor to be retained within distillate end product

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) - The most well known and abundant intoxicating compound within cannabis that interacts with receptors in the brain and body to create various effects. Research has shown this compound to be particularly useful for treating lack of appetite and nausea issues caused by common cancer treatment.

Three Chambered Grinder - A three segmented version of a grinder that includes the top portion with sharp teeth and holes for grinding, a collection compartment with a metal screen for ground cannabis flower and a third level used for kief collection. 

Tincture - A tincture is a liquid cannabis extract usually made with alcohol or glycerol that is often dosed with a dropper. Tinctures can be flavored and are usually placed under the tongue, where they are absorbed quickly. 

Topical - A type of cannabis product where the active properties of the flowers have been extracted and added to a product such as a lotion or a cream that’s applied to the skin. 

Topping - A technique used by growers to promote more lateral growth and produce an better overall yield.

Trichomes/Resin Glands - The resin production glands of the cannabis plant specifically used to make concentrates like kief or hash. THC, CBD and other cannabinoids are produced in these glands.

Trim - The process of snipping away excess leaves from cannabis buds throughout its life cycle which can then be used in a variety of products to make hash, tinctures, edibles and more.

Trim-Run - Used to describe lower quality and therefore typically less-expensive concentrates that have been made using cannabis trimmings as the primary material for extraction. 

U

V

Vacuum Oven - A machine used to both dry cannabis that has been harvested to lessen potential for mildew or mold forming as well as improve the quality of overall product and as a popular purging machine used to strip concentrates of residual solvents through the application of heat and negative pressure.

Vaporization - A popular consumption method of cannabis, largely used by the medical community due to the inhalation effects being less harsh than traditional cannabis smoking. 

Vaporizer - A device that utilizes convection to heat cannabis flower or oil as opposed to combustion which results in a less harsh inhale. Commonly suggested for medical users with concerns about smoke inhalation from traditional water pipes. Available in a variety of sizes and types such as desktop/stationary, pen and portable vaporizers.

Vegetative State - The primary phase of life for cannabis when the plant is growing vs producing flower/bud. Duration of this stage is affected by light cycles so for indoor grows this can be forced to the next cycle (flowering) at will.

W

Washing Machine/Extractor - A machine and method used to mechanically perform agitation when producing dabbable concentrates.

Wax - Refers to extracts that take on a soft, waxy consistency. 

Whole Plant - Used to describe product that utilizes the full spectrum of compounds found within cannabis. Generally extracted from fresh frozen to retain all the terpenes and cannabinoids.

Winterization - The process of dissolving raw extract using solvents, commonly ethanol, and put into a freezer overnight (or longer) in order to force lipids and waxes to the top for easier filtration.

X

Y

Z

#

420 - A term that originated within a group of high school friends in the 70’s and spread in popularity, today it is the day or time of day for anyone to consume cannabis.

710 - Less familiar than 420, this number and holiday is known as “oil day” or “dab day” due to the numbers spelling the word ‘oil’ when flipped upside-down.

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